While there are many Cigar Tobacco Varietals, the in-depth Curriculum on Growing, Nurturing, and Harvesting Cigar Tobaccos will focus on the two most famous seed varietals in the history of cigars: Corojo and Criollo. Their descendants are in most premium cigars made today. While many hybrids have been created over the years [in and outside of
· Origins date back to the time Columbus discovered the “New World”
· Traditionally used as filler and binder plant
· Grown under direct sunlight to amplify the variety and intensity of flavors.
· For generations, the Criollo plant produced 4 of the 5 leaves in a “Havana” cigar
- (Corojo wrapper leaves are the 5th).
· Produces 6 to 7 pairs of leaves
· Ligero: leaves at the top of the plant are the strongest and fuller flavored, due to direct sunlight (Heavier Sun = Heavier Tobacco)
· Leaves toward the bottom of the plant are more subtle in flavor and strength
Seco: used as filler
Capote: used for binder
Volado: used as filler
Outside of Cuba [and the Criollo Varietal], tobacco plant leaves are generally classified, from top to bottom, as:
CORONA - LIGERO - VISO - SECO - VOLADO