1798 – Lithography is invented. Lithography is the process of carving an image onto a flat stone and using a crayon or ink to replicate that image (in reverse) onto paper.
1809 – Artists like Francisco Goya elevate lithography in popularity by creating fine art with the technique.
1830s – Cubans begin using cigar bands domestically
Cigar Band: decorative paper strip that is wrapped around a cigar.
1836 – Chromolithography is invented in
1850 - Innovative Dutch merchant Gustave Bock distinguishes his own cigars by placing a paper band (cigar band) on them.
1890s – Embossing (creating a raised texture) and brass gilding (covering with a thin layer of brass) are introduced.
1900 – Photomechanical reproduction: use of a camera to separate primary colors in artwork. The colors are then transferred onto zinc or aluminum printing cylinders for mechanical presses. This process eliminated the need for lithographic artists.
1920s – Golden Era of cigar labels winds down with the growing popularity of photomechanical printing.
Cigar Label: the main decorative paper which is glued onto cigar boxes.